Medium: Gouache and ink on paper
Signed and dated lower right, “Calder 74”
Size: 42.5 x 29.5”
Provenance: Galerie Maeght
Registered with the Calder Foundation, Archive Number A04616
American artist Alexander Calder was born in Pennsylvania in 1898. Interested in art from an early age, Calder also excelled in math, and went on to study engineering in school; this would facilitate him change the course of modern art by developing an innovative method of sculpting, bending, and twisting wire to create three-dimensional “drawings in space.” Calder’s mobiles – so-named by Marcel Duchamp as early as 1931 – consist of abstract shapes made of metal, wood, and other industrial material. The sculptures, sometimes monochromatic and sometimes boldly colored, consist of abstract shapes made of industrial materials. His three-dimensional works are characterized by their tendency to hang in an uncanny, perfect balance. In addition to sculpture, Calder painted throughout his career; he also began printmaking in the 1920s.
Calder’s first solo exhibition took place in Paris in 1927; his first U.S. solo exhibit took place thereafter, in 1928 in New York City. Since, his works have been exhibited at several prominent museums worldwide, including Whitney Museum of American Art (NY), the Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia), Guggenheim Museum Bilbao (Bilbao, Spain), the Museum of Modern Art (NY), the Museum of Contemporary Art (Chicago), and the Foundation Maeght (Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France). Calder died on November 11, 1976.